Hands on Crafts For Kids is the resource for kids craft projects and instructions for kids 6-12 and parents, teachers and other group leaders. It includes school and curriculum based projects,  multi cultural projects, and every day, holiday and seasonal ideas.

It is  the online home of the public television program Hands On Crafts for Kids.

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Franz Spohn illustrates distance and perspective in his drawings of birds in flight.


Hosts:Nationally recognized artist Franz Spohn shares imaginative art tips and techniques!


Always cover your work surface with a mat or some type of protective covering like wax paper or plastic.

Age Range: 7 to 12

Grade Range: 2 to 6

Skill Level: Advanced

Appropriate for These Special Events:
Every Day and Rainy Days

Supports Subject Areas of:
Language Arts – e.g. step by step instructions
Visual Arts

Time needed for project:
1 to 2 hours

Technique:  Distal Cues…make your drawings more spatial

Faber-Castell® color pencils
Faber-Castell® watercolor paint
Canson® Mixed Media paper
Glue stick

There are several ways to create a more spatial feel to drawings (distal cues). These include:

Overlapping shapes

Position on page Items closer to the bottom of the page have a tendency to be observed as closer to the viewer

Change of scale When similar shapes are seen and one is of a different size, then the larger of the shapes will appear to be closer

Detail Things in the foreground, or closer to the viewer, have more detail….e.g. feathers, textures, etc.

Intensity of Color or Value (also known as atmospheric perspective) The vividness and brightness of colors, especially in the warmer range, are more intense when perceived in images closer to the viewer. They appear duller and less intense farther away.

Perspective Parallel lines have the appearance of meeting at a point at a great distance from the viewer on what is called the horizon line (an imaginary line that corresponds to the viewer’s eye level at an infinite distance. Think of the line “formed” by the sky and ocean when you are at the beach).

Shadows If an “object” exists in a spatial environment, it will cast a shadow when exposed to a light source. The shadow falls away from the light source and thus implies space.

When several of these principals are used when you draw, a stronger feeling for the space of the drawing will be created. Try to create a visual environment with a background, middle ground and foreground.

Place objects/figures at various positions so that they overlap and change in scale. Use bright colors with higher contrast in the foreground and more subdued in the background. Add detail to the foreground elements and less as the “space” recedes into the background.

Artists such as M.C. Escher and William Hogarth manipulated these “rules” to create amusing and humorous contradictions of space.



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